Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0385. இயற்றலும் ஈட்டலுங் காத்தலும்

0385. Iyatralum Eettalung Kaaththalum

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    இறைமாட்சி (Iraimaatchi)
    The Greatness of a King
  • குறள்
    இயற்றலும் ஈட்டலுங் காத்தலும் காத்த
    வகுத்தலும் வல்ல தரசு.
  • விளக்கம்
    பொருள் வரும் வழிகளை உண்டாக்குவதிலும், பொருளைச் செர்த்தலிலும், பாதுகாத்தலிலும், அதனை நல்வழியில் செலவிடுதலிலும் வல்லவனே அரசனாவன்.
  • Translation
    in English
    A king is he who treasure gains, stores up, defends,
    And duly for his kingdom's weal expends.
  • Meaning
    He is a king who is able to acquire (wealth), to lay it up, to guard, and to distribute it.


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