Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

1158. இன்னாது இனன்இல்ஊர் வாழ்தல்

1158. Innaathu Inaniloor Vaazhthal

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    இன்பத்துப்பால் (Inbaththuppaal) - Love
  • இயல்
    கற்பியல் (Karpiyal) - The Post-Marital Love
  • அதிகாரம்
    பிரிவாற்றாமை (Pirivaatraamai)
    Separation Unendurable
  • குறள்
    இன்னாது இனன்இல்ஊர் வாழ்தல் அதனினும்
    இன்னாது இனியார்ப் பிரிவு.
  • விளக்கம்
    தோழியர் இல்லாத வேறு ஊரில் வாழ்தல் துன்பஞ்செய்வதாகும். காதலரைப் பிரிதல் அவ்வாறு வாழ்தலைக் காட்டிலும் துன்பமாகும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    'Tis sad to sojourn in the town where no kind kinsmen dwell;
    'Tis sadder still to bid a friend beloved farewell.
  • Meaning
    Painful is it to live in a friendless town; but far more painful is it to part from one's lover.


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