Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

1135. தொடலைக் குறுந்தொடி தந்தாள்

1135. Thodalaik Kurunthodi Thanthaal

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    இன்பத்துப்பால் (Inbaththuppaal) - Love
  • இயல்
    களவியல் (Kalaviyal) - The Pre-Marital Love
  • அதிகாரம்
    நாணுத் துறவுரைத்தல் (Naanuth Thuravuraiththal)
    The Abandonment of Reserve
  • குறள்
    தொடலைக் குறுந்தொடி தந்தாள் மடலொடு
    மாலை உழக்கும் துயர்.
  • விளக்கம்
    மாலைக் காலத்தில் அனுபவிக்கும் துன்பத்தையும், மடற் குதிரையையும், மாலைபோல் தொடுத்த சிறிய வளைகளையுடையவள் எனக்குத் தந்தாள்.
  • Translation
    in English
    The maid that slender armlets wears, like flowers entwined,
    Has brought me 'horse of palm,' and pangs of eventide!
  • Meaning
    She with the small garland-like bracelets has given me the palmyra horse and the sorrow that is endured at night.


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