Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

1058. இரப்பாரை இல்லாயின் ஈர்ங்கண்மா

1058. Irappaarai Illaayin Eernganmaa

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    குடியியல் (Kudiyiyal) - Miscellaneous
  • அதிகாரம்
    இரவு (Iravu)
  • குறள்
    இரப்பாரை இல்லாயின் ஈர்ங்கண்மா ஞாலம்
    மரப்பாவை சென்றுவந் தற்று.
  • விளக்கம்
    இரப்பவர் இல்லையெனில் இப்பெரிய உலகத்தில் உள்ளவர்களின் நடமாட்டம், மரப்பாவை கயிற்றினால் சென்று வந்தார் போன்றதாகும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    If askers cease, the mighty earth, where cooling fountains flow,
    Will be a stage where wooden puppets come and go.
  • Meaning
    If there were no beggars, (the actions done in) the cool wide world would only resemble the movement of a puppet.


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