Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

1011. கருமத்தால் நாணுதல் நாணுந்

1011. Karumaththaal Naanuthal Naanundh

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    குடியியல் (Kudiyiyal) - Miscellaneous
  • அதிகாரம்
    நாணுடைமை (Naanudaimai)
  • குறள்
    கருமத்தால் நாணுதல் நாணுந் திருநுதல்
    நல்லவர் நாணுப் பிற.
  • விளக்கம்
    நாணம் என்பது தகாத செயலைச் செய்ய அஞ்சுவதாகும். வேறு வகையில் வரும் நாணங்கள், அழகிய நெற்றியையுடைய குலமகளிரது நாணங்கள் போன்றவையாகும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    To shrink abashed from evil deed is 'generous shame';
    Other is that of bright-browed one of virtuous fame.
  • Meaning
    True modesty is the fear of (evil) deeds; all other modesty is (simply) the bashfulness of virtuous maids.


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