Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0973. மேலிருந்தும் மேலல்லார் மேலல்லர்

0973. Melirundhum Melallaar Melallar

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    குடியியல் (Kudiyiyal) - Miscellaneous
  • அதிகாரம்
    பெருமை (Perumai)
  • குறள்
    மேலிருந்தும் மேலல்லார் மேலல்லர் கீழிருந்தும்
    கீழல்லார் கீழல் லவர்.
  • விளக்கம்
    மேன்மைக் குணம் இல்லாதவர் மேலான சபையில் இருந்தாலும் மேன்மக்கள் ஆகமாட்டார்; கீழ்மக்கள் அல்லாதவர் செல்வத்தினால் தாழ்ந்த நிலையில் இருந்தாராயினும் கீழ்மக்கள் ஆகமாட்டார்.
  • Translation
    in English
    The men of lofty line, whose souls are mean, are never great
    The men of lowly birth, when high of soul, are not of low estate.
  • Meaning
    Though (raised) above, the base cannot become great; though (brought) low, the great cannot become base.


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