Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0953. நகைஈகை இன்சொல் இகழாமை

0953. Nagaieegai Insol Igazhaamai

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    குடியியல் (Kudiyiyal) - Miscellaneous
  • அதிகாரம்
    குடிமை (Kudimai)
  • குறள்
    நகைஈகை இன்சொல் இகழாமை நான்கும்
    வகையென்ப வாய்மைக் குடிக்கு.
  • விளக்கம்
    உயர்ந்த குடியில் பிறந்தவர்க்கு, வறியவர் வருங்கால் முகமலர்ச்சியும், உள்ளன கொடுத்தலும், இன்சொல் பேசுதலும், பிறரை இகழாமையுமாகிய நான்கும் உரிய குணங்களாகும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    The smile, the gift, the pleasant word, unfailing courtesy
    These are the signs, they say, of true nobility.
  • Meaning
    A cheerful countenance, liberality, pleasant words, and an unreviling disposition, these four are said to be the proper qualities of the truly high-born.


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