Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0949. உற்றான் அளவும் பிணியளவும்

0949. Utraan Alavum Piniyalavum

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    நட்பியல் (Natpiyal) - Alliance
  • அதிகாரம்
    மருந்து (Marundhu)
  • குறள்
    உற்றான் அளவும் பிணியளவும் காலமும்
    கற்றான் கருதிச் செயல்.
  • விளக்கம்
    மருத்துவம் கற்றவன் நோயாளியின் நிலை, நோயின் அளவு, மருந்து கொடுக்கும் காலம் அறிந்து மருத்துவம் செய்யவேண்டும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    The habitudes of patient and disease, the crises of the ill
    These must the learned leech think over well, then use his skill.
  • Meaning
    The learned (physician) should ascertain the condition of his patient; the nature of his disease, and the season (of the year) and (then) proceed (with his treatment).


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