Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0923. ஈன்றாள் முகத்தேயும் இன்னாதால்

0923. Eendraal Mugaththeyum Innaathaal

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    நட்பியல் (Natpiyal) - Alliance
  • அதிகாரம்
    கள்ளுண்ணாமை (Kallunnaamai)
    Not Drinking Palm-Wine
  • குறள்
    ஈன்றாள் முகத்தேயும் இன்னாதால் என்மற்றுச்
    சான்றோர் முகத்துக் களி.
  • விளக்கம்
    யாது செய்தாலும் மகிழும் தாய் முன்பானாலும் கள்ளுண்டு மயங்குதல் துன்பந்தருவதாகும்; குற்றம் எதையும் பொறுக்காத அறிவுடையோர் முன்பு மயங்குதல் மிக்க வெறுப்பைத் தரும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    The drunkard's joy is sorrow to his mother's eyes;
    What must it be in presence of the truly wise?
  • Meaning
    Intoxication is painful even in the presence of (one's) mother; what will it not then be in that of the wise ?


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