Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0874. பகைநட்பாக் கொண்டொழுகும் பண்புடை

0874. Pagainatpaak Kondozhugum Panbudai

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    நட்பியல் (Natpiyal) - Alliance
  • அதிகாரம்
    பகைத்திறம் தெரிதல் (Pagaiththiram Therithal)
    Knowing the Quality of Hate
  • குறள்
    பகைநட்பாக் கொண்டொழுகும் பண்புடை யாளன்
    தகைமைக்கண் தங்கிற்று உலகு.
  • விளக்கம்
    பகைவரையும் நண்பராக்கிக் கொண்டு நடக்கத்தக்க நல்லவனின் பெருமையுள் உலகம் அடங்கியிருக்கின்றது.
  • Translation
    in English
    The world secure on his dexterity depends,
    Whose worthy rule can change his foes to friends.
  • Meaning
    The world abides in the greatness of that good-natured man who behaves so as to turn hatred into friendship.


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