Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0829. மிகச்செய்து தம்மெள்ளு வாரை

0829. Migachcheithu Thammellu Vaarai

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    நட்பியல் (Natpiyal) - Alliance
  • அதிகாரம்
    கூடா நட்பு (Koodaa Natpu)
    Unreal Friendship
  • குறள்
    மிகச்செய்து தம்மெள்ளு வாரை நகச்செய்து
    நட்பினுள் சாப்புல்லற் பாற்று.
  • விளக்கம்
    புறத்தே மிகவும் நட்பினைச் செய்து மனத்திலே இகழும் பகைவரைத் தாமும் புறத்தே மகிழ்வித்து மனத்திலே நட்புக் கெடுமாறு ஒழுகுதல் வேண்டும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    'Tis just, when men make much of you, and then despise,
    To make them smile, and slap in friendship's guise.
  • Meaning
    It is the duty of kings to affect great love but make it die (inwardly); as regard those foes who shew them great friendship but despise them (in their heart).


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