Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0773. பேராண்மை என்ப தறுகண்ஒன்

0773. Peraanmai Enba Tharukanon

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    படையியல் (Padaiyiyal) - Army
  • அதிகாரம்
    படைச் செருக்கு (Padaich Cherukku)
    Military Spirit
  • குறள்
    பேராண்மை என்ப தறுகண்ஒன் றுற்றக்கால்
    ஊராண்மை மற்றதன் எஃகு.
  • விளக்கம்
    பகைவரை எதிர்த்துப் போர் செய்வதைப் பெரிய ஆண்மை என்று கூறுவர்; அப்பகைவர்க்கு ஒரு துன்பம் வந்தவிடத்து உதவி செய்தலை, அவ்வான்மையின் கூர்மை என்று கூறுவர்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Fierceness in hour of strife heroic greatness shows;
    Its edge is kindness to our suffering foes.
  • Meaning
    The learned say that fierceness (incontest with a foe) is indeed great valour; but to become a benefactor in case of accident (to a foe) is the extreme (limit) of that valour.


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