Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0770. நிலைமக்கள் சால உடைத்தெனினும்

0770. Nilaimakkal Saala Udaiththeninum

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    படையியல் (Padaiyiyal) - Army
  • அதிகாரம்
    படைமாட்சி (Padaimaatchi)
    The Excellence of an Army
  • குறள்
    நிலைமக்கள் சால உடைத்தெனினும் தானை
    தலைமக்கள் இல்வழி இல்.
  • விளக்கம்
    போரில் பின்வாங்காத வீரர்களை அதிகமாக உடையதாயினும் தனக்குத் தலைவர் இல்லாத படை நிலைபெறாது.
  • Translation
    in English
    Though men abound, all ready for the war,
    No army is where no fit leaders are.
  • Meaning
    Though an army may contain a large number of permanent soldiers, it cannot last if it has no generals.


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