Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0768. அடல்தகையும் ஆற்றலும் இல்லெனினும்

0768. Atalthagaiyum Aatralum Illaiyeninum

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    படையியல் (Padaiyiyal) - Army
  • அதிகாரம்
    படைமாட்சி (Padaimaatchi)
    The Excellence of an Army
  • குறள்
    அடல்தகையும் ஆற்றலும் இல்லெனினும் தானை
    படைத்தகையால் பாடு பெறும்.
  • விளக்கம்
    கொல்லும் திறமையும், தடுக்கும் வல்லமையும், படைக்கு இல்லையாயினும், அது தனது தொற்றப்பொலிவால் பகைவர் அஞ்சும்படியான பெருமையைப் பெரும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Though not in war offensive or defensive skilled;
    An army gains applause when well equipped and drilled.
  • Meaning
    Though destitute of courage to fight and strength (to endure), an army may yet gain renown by the splendour of its appearance.


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