Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0729. கல்லா தவரின் கடையென்ப

0729. Kallaa Thavarin Kadaiyenba

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அமைச்சியல் (Amaichchiyal) - Ministers of State
  • அதிகாரம்
    அவை அஞ்சாமை (Avai Anjaamai)
    Not to Dread the Council
  • குறள்
    கல்லா தவரின் கடையென்ப கற்றறிந்தும்
    நல்லா ரவையஞ்சு வார்.
  • விளக்கம்
    நூல்களைக் கற்றறிந்திருந்தும் அறிவுடையோர் உள்ள அவைக்கு அஞ்சுகின்றவர், கல்லாதவரைவிடக் கடைப்பட்டவராவர் என்று அறிவுடையோர் கூறுவர்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Who, though they've learned, before the council of the good men quake,
    Than men unlearn'd a lower place must take.
  • Meaning
    They who, though they have learned and understood, are yet afraid of the assembly of the good, are said to be inferior (even) to the illiterate.


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