Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0727. பகையகத்துப் பேடிகை ஒள்வாள்

0727. Pagaiyagaththup Pedigai Olvaal

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அமைச்சியல் (Amaichchiyal) - Ministers of State
  • அதிகாரம்
    அவை அஞ்சாமை (Avai Anjaamai)
    Not to Dread the Council
  • குறள்
    பகையகத்துப் பேடிகை ஒள்வாள் அவையகத்து
    அஞ்சு மவன்கற்ற நூல்.
  • விளக்கம்
    அவைக்கு அஞ்சுகின்றவன் கற்ற நூல், பகைவர் நடுவே பேடித் தன்மையுள்ளவன் கையில் பிடித்த கூரிய வாளை ஒக்கும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    As shining sword before the foe which 'sexless being' bears,
    Is science learned by him the council's face who fears.
  • Meaning
    The learning of him who is diffident before an assembly is like the shining sword of an hermaphrodite in the presence of his foes.


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