Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0698. இளையர் இனமுறையர் என்றிகழார்

0698. Ilaiyar Inamuraiyar Endrigazhaar

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அமைச்சியல் (Amaichchiyal) - Ministers of State
  • அதிகாரம்
    மன்னரைச் சேர்ந்தொழுகல் (Mannaraich Cherndhozhugal)
    Conduct in the Presence of the King
  • குறள்
    இளையர் இனமுறையர் என்றிகழார் நின்ற
    ஒளியோடு ஒழுகப் படும்.
  • விளக்கம்
    மன்னரை 'இவர் நமக்கு இளையவர், இவர் எமக்கு உறவினர்' என்று இகழாது அவரது நிலைக்கு ஏற்றவாறு ஒழுகுதல் வேண்டும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Say not, 'He's young, my kinsman,' despising thus your king;
    But reverence the glory kingly state doth bring.
  • Meaning
    Ministers should behave in accordance with the (Divine) light in the person of kings and not despise them saying, "He is our junior (in age) and connected with our family!".


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