Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0687. கடனறிந்து காலங் கருதி

0687. Kadanarindhu Kaalang Karuthi

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அமைச்சியல் (Amaichchiyal) - Ministers of State
  • அதிகாரம்
    தூது (Thoothu)
    The Envoy
  • குறள்
    கடனறிந்து காலங் கருதி இடனறிந்து
    எண்ணி உரைப்பான் தலை.
  • விளக்கம்
    வகை அறிந்து, சமயம் பார்த்து, இடமறிந்து, சொல்லும் வழியை எண்ணி, அவ்வாறு சொல்லுபவன் சிறந்த தூதனாவான்.
  • Translation
    in English
    He is the best who knows what's due, the time considered well,
    The place selects, then ponders long ere he his errand tell.
  • Meaning
    He is chief (among ambassadors) who understands the proper decorum (before foreign princes), seeks the (proper) occasion, knows the (most suitable) place, and delivers his message after (due) consideration.


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