Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0685. தொகச்சொல்லித் தூவாத நீக்கி

0685. Thogachchollith Thoovaatha Neekki

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அமைச்சியல் (Amaichchiyal) - Ministers of State
  • அதிகாரம்
    தூது (Thoothu)
    The Envoy
  • குறள்
    தொகச்சொல்லித் தூவாத நீக்கி நகச்சொல்லி
    நன்றி பயப்பதாந் தூது.
  • விளக்கம்
    செய்திகளைச் சொல்லும்போது தொகுத்துச் சொல்லியும், பயனில்லாதவற்றை நீக்கியும், இனிய சொற்களால் மகிழும்படி சொல்லியும் நன்மையைச் செய்பவனே தூதனாவான்.
  • Translation
    in English
    In terms concise, avoiding wrathful speech, who utters pleasant word,
    An envoy he who gains advantage for his lord.
  • Meaning
    He is an ambassador who (in the presence of foreign rulers) speaks briefly, avoids harshness, talks so as to make them smile, and thus brings good (to his own sovereign).


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