Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0624. மடுத்தவா யெல்லாம் பகடன்னான்

0624. Maduththavaa Yellaam Pagadannaan

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    இடுக்கண் அழியாமை (Idukkan Azhiyaamai)
    Helpless in Trouble
  • குறள்
    மடுத்தவா யெல்லாம் பகடன்னான் உற்ற
    இடுக்கண் இடர்ப்பாடு உடைத்து.
  • விளக்கம்
    தடை நேர்ந்த இடங்களிலெல்லாம் தளராது வண்டியை இழுக்கும் எருதுபோலத் தொழிலை மேற்கொண்டு செலுத்த வல்லவனை அடைந்த துன்பம் தானே துன்பத்தை அடையும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Like bullock struggle on through each obstructed way;
    From such an one will troubles, troubled, roll away.
  • Meaning
    Troubles will vanish (i.e., will be troubled) before the man who (struggles against difficulties) as a buffalo (drawing a cart) through deep mire.


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