Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0499. சிறைநலனும் சீரும் இலரெனினும்

0499. Sirainalanum Seerum Ilareninum

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    இடன் அறிதல் (Idan Arithal)
    Knowing the Place
  • குறள்
    சிறைநலனும் சீரும் இலரெனினும் மாந்தர்
    உறைநிலத்தோடு ஒட்டல் அரிது.
  • விளக்கம்
    பகைவர் அழித்தற்கரிய கோட்டையும், ஆற்றலும் இலராயினும், அவரை அவர் இருக்கும் இடம் சென்று வெல்லுதல் அரிது.
  • Translation
    in English
    Though fort be none, and store of wealth they lack,
    'Tis hard a people's homesteads to attack!
  • Meaning
    It is a hazardous thing to attack men in their own country, although they may neither have power nor a good fortress.


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