Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0495. நெடும்புனலுள் வெல்லும் முதலை

0495. Nedumpunalul Vellum Muthalai

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    இடன் அறிதல் (Idan Arithal)
    Knowing the Place
  • குறள்
    நெடும்புனலுள் வெல்லும் முதலை அடும்புனலின்
    நீங்கின் அதனைப் பிற.
  • விளக்கம்
    ஆழமான நீரில் முதலை பிற உயிர்களை வெல்லும்; அந்நீரிலிருந்து அது நீங்குமானால் அதனைப் பிற உயிர்கள் வெல்லும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    The crocodile prevails in its own flow of water wide,
    If this it leaves, 'tis slain by anything beside.
  • Meaning
    In deep water, a crocodile will conquer (all other animals); but if it leave the water, other animals will conquer it.


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