Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0491. தொடங்கற்க எவ்வினையும் எள்ளற்க

0491. Thodangarkka Evvinaiyum Ellarka

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    இடன் அறிதல் (Idan Arithal)
    Knowing the Place
  • குறள்
    தொடங்கற்க எவ்வினையும் எள்ளற்க முற்றும்
    இடங்கண்ட பின்அல் லது.
  • விளக்கம்
    பகைவரை வளைத்தற்கேற்ற இடம் வாய்ப்பதற்கு முன் அவரிடம் எந்த ஒரு செயலையும் தொடங்காதிருத்தல் வேண்டும்; அவரைச் சிறியர் என்று இகழாதிருத்தல் வேண்டும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Begin no work of war, depise no foe,
    Till place where you can wholly circumvent you know.
  • Meaning
    Let not (a king) despise (an enemy), nor undertake any thing (against him), until he has obtained (a suitable) place for besieging him.


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