Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0488. செறுநரைக் காணின் சுமக்க

0488. Serunaraik Kaanin Sumakka

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    காலம் அறிதல் (Kaalam Arithal)
    Knowing the Fitting Time
  • குறள்
    செறுநரைக் காணின் சுமக்க இறுவரை
    காணின் கிழக்காம் தலை.
  • விளக்கம்
    தமக்கு வெல்லுங் காலம் வரும்வரையில், பகைவனைக் கண்டால் பணிக; அது வந்ததும் அப்பகைவர் தலை கீழே விழுமாறு கெடுவர்.
  • Translation
    in English
    If foes' detested form they see, with patience let them bear;
    When fateful hour at last they spy,- the head lies there.
  • Meaning
    If one meets his enemy, let him show him all respect, until the time for his destruction is come; when that is come, his head will be easily brought low.


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