Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0473. உடைத்தம் வலியறியார் ஊக்கத்தின்

0473. Udaiththam Valiyariyaar Ookkaththin

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    வலியறிதல் (Valiyaridhal)
    The Knowledge of Power
  • குறள்
    உடைத்தம் வலியறியார் ஊக்கத்தின் ஊக்கி
    இடைக்கண் முரிந்தார் பலர்.
  • விளக்கம்
    தமது வலிமையின் அளவை அறியாது, மன எழுச்சியால் தம்மை விட வலியாரோடு போர் தொடங்கி, அவரால் முறியடிக்கப்பட்டு இடையே கெட்டவர் பலராவர்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Ill-deeming of their proper powers, have many monarchs striven,
    And midmost of unequal conflict fallen asunder riven.
  • Meaning
    There are many who, ignorant of their (want of) power (to meet it), have haughtily set out to war, and broken down in the midst of it.


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