Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0471. வினைவலியும் தன்வலியும் மாற்றான்

0471. Vinaivaliyum Thanvaliyum Maatraan

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    வலியறிதல் (Valiyaridhal)
    The Knowledge of Power
  • குறள்
    வினைவலியும் தன்வலியும் மாற்றான் வலியும்
    துணைவலியும் தூக்கிச் செயல்.
  • விளக்கம்
    தான் செய்யக் கருதிய போரின் வலிமையையும் தன் படையின் வலிமையையும், பகைவர் வலிமையையும் ஆராய்ந்து போரைச் செய்தல் வேண்டும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    The force the strife demands, the force he owns, the force of foes,
    The force of friends; these should he weigh ere to the war he goes.
  • Meaning
    Let (one) weigh well the strength of the deed (he purposes to do), his own strength, the strength of his enemy, and the strength of the allies (of both), and then let him act.


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