Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0414. கற்றில னாயினுங் கேட்க

0414. Katrila Naayinung Ketka

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    கேள்வி (Kelvi)
  • குறள்
    கற்றில னாயினுங் கேட்க அஃதொருவற்கு
    ஒற்கத்தின் ஊற்றாந் துணை.
  • விளக்கம்
    கேள்வி ஒருவனுக்குத் தளர்ச்சி வந்த காலத்தில் ஊன்றுகோல் போல் துணையாகும்; ஆகையால், ஒருவன் நூல்களைக் கற்கவில்லையாயினும் கற்றறிந்தார் சொல்லக் கேட்பானாக.
  • Translation
    in English
    Though learning none hath he, yet let him hear alway:
    In weakness this shall prove a staff and stay.
  • Meaning
    Although a man be without learning, let him listen (to the teaching of the learned); that will be to him a staff in adversity.


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