Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0374. இருவேறு உலகத்து இயற்கை

0374. Iruveru Ulagaththu Iyarkai

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    ஊழியல் (Oozhiyal) - Fate
  • அதிகாரம்
    ஊழ் (Oozh)
  • குறள்
    இருவேறு உலகத்து இயற்கை திருவேறு
    தெள்ளிய ராதலும் வேறு.
  • விளக்கம்
    உலகத்தின் இயல்பு இரண்டு வேறுபட்ட தன்மைகளையுடையது. செல்வராவதற்குரிய ஊழ் வேறு; அறிவுடையராதற்குரிய ஊழ் வேறு.
  • Translation
    in English
    Two fold the fashion of the world: some live in fortune's light;
    While other some have souls in wisdom's radiance bright.
  • Meaning
    There are (through fate) two different natures in the world, hence the difference (observable in men) in (their acquisition of) wealth, and in their attainment of knowledge.


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