Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0316. இன்னா எனத்தான் உணர்ந்தவை

0316. Innaa Enaththaan Unarndhavai

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    துறவறவியல் (Thuravaraviyal) - Ascetic Virtue
  • அதிகாரம்
    இன்னா செய்யாமை(Innaa Seiyaamai)
    Not Doing Evil
  • குறள்
    இன்னா எனத்தான் உணர்ந்தவை துன்னாமை
    வேண்டும் பிறன்கண் செயல்.
  • விளக்கம்
    துன்பம் தருவன என்று தான் அறிந்தவற்றைப் பிறரிடத்தில் செய்தலைப் புரியாதிருக்க வேண்டும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    What his own soul has felt as bitter pain,
    From making others feel should man abstain.
  • Meaning
    Let not a man consent to do those things to another which, he knows, will cause sorrow.


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