Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0277. புறங்குன்றி கண்டனைய ரேனும்

0277. Purankundri Kandanaiya Renum

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    துறவறவியல் (Thuravaraviyal) - Ascetic Virtue
  • அதிகாரம்
    கூடா ஒழுக்கம்(Koodaa Ozhukkam)
    Inconsistent Conduct
  • குறள்
    புறங்குன்றி கண்டனைய ரேனும் அகங்குன்றி
    முக்கிற் கரியார் உடைத்து.
  • விளக்கம்
    குன்றிமணியின் மேற்புறம் போல வேடத்தால் செம்மையுடைவராகக் காணப்பட்டாலும் மனத்திலே குன்றிமணியின் மூக்குப்போல் கறுத்திருப்பவரை இவ்வுலகம் கொண்டுள்ளது.
  • Translation
    in English
    Outward, they shine as 'kunri' berry's scarlet bright;
    Inward, like tip of 'kunri' bead, as black as night.
  • Meaning
    (The world) contains persons whose outside appears (as fair) as the (red) berry of the Abrus, but whose inside is as black as the nose of that berry.


Post a Comment