Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0250. வலியார்முன் தன்னை நினைக்கதான்

0250. Valiyaarmun Thannai Ninaikkathaan

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    துறவறவியல் (Thuravaraviyal) - Ascetic Virtue
  • அதிகாரம்
    The Possession of Benevolence
  • குறள்
    வலியார்முன் தன்னை நினைக்கதான் தன்னின்
    மெலியார்மேல் செல்லு மிடத்து.
  • விளக்கம்
    தன்னைவிட எளியவரைத் தான் வருத்தச் செல்லும் பொது, தான் வலியவர்முன் அஞ்சி நிற்கும் நிலையை நினைத்துக் கொள்ளல் வேண்டும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    When weaker men you front with threat'ning brow,
    Think how you felt in presence of some stronger foe.
  • Meaning
    When a man is about to rush upon those who are weaker than himself, let him remember how he has stood (trembling) before those who are stronger than himself.


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