Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0224. இன்னாது இரக்கப் படுதல்

0224. Innaathu Irakkap Paduthal

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    இல்லறவியல் (Illaraviyal) - Domestic Virtue
  • அதிகாரம்
    ஈகை (Eegai)
  • குறள்
    இன்னாது இரக்கப் படுதல் இரந்தவர்
    இன்முகங் காணும் அளவு.
  • விளக்கம்
    இரப்பவர், வாழ விரும்பிய பொருளைப் பெற்று மகிழ்வதைக் காணும் வரையில் இரப்பதைப் போலவே இரப்பதைக் கேட்பதும் கொடுப்பவர்க்குத் துன்பமாகத்தான் இருக்கும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    The suppliants' cry for aid yields scant delight,
    Until you see his face with grateful gladness bright.
  • Meaning
    To see men begging from us in disagreeable, until we see their pleasant countenance.


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