Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0221. வறியார்க்கொன்று ஈவதே ஈகைமற்

0221. Variyaarkkondru Eevathe Eegaimat

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    இல்லறவியல் (Illaraviyal) - Domestic Virtue
  • அதிகாரம்
    ஈகை (Eegai)
  • குறள்
    வறியார்க்கொன்று ஈவதே ஈகைமற் றெல்லாம்
    குறியெதிர்ப்பை நீர துடைத்து.
  • விளக்கம்
    மற்றவரிடமிருந்து பொருளைப் பெறுதல் நல்லதாயினும் இரத்தல் தீது; கொடுப்பவர்க்கு மேலுலகம் அடைதல் இல்லை என்றாலும் கொடுத்தாலே நல்லது.
  • Translation
    in English
    Call that a gift to needy men thou dost dispense,
    All else is void of good, seeking for recompense.
  • Meaning
    To give to the destitute is true charity. All other gifts have the nature of (what is done for) a measured return.


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