Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0214. ஒத்த தறவோன் உயிர்வாழ்வான்

0214. Oththa Tharavon Uyirvaazhvaan

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    இல்லறவியல் (Illaraviyal) - Domestic Virtue
  • அதிகாரம்
    ஒப்புரவறிதல் (Oppuravaridhal)
    The Knowledge of What is Benefitting a Man's Position
  • குறள்
    ஒத்த தறவோன் உயிர்வாழ்வான் மற்றையான்
    செத்தாருள் வைக்கப் படும்.
  • விளக்கம்
    உலகத்துக்கு ஏற்ற கடமைகளை அறிந்து நடப்பவன் உயிரோடு வாழ்பவனாவான்; அவ்வாறு செய்யாதவன் செத்தவருள் ஒருவனாகக் கருதப்படுவான்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Who knows what's human life's befitting grace,
    He lives; the rest 'mongst dead men have their place.
  • Meaning
    He truly lives who knows (and discharges) the proper duties (of benevolence). He who knows them not will be reckoned among the dead.


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