Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0183. புறங்கூறிப் பொய்த்துயிர் வாழ்தலின்

0183. Purankoorip Poiththuyir Vaazhthalin

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    இல்லறவியல் (Illaraviyal) - Domestic Virtue
  • அதிகாரம்
    புறங்கூறாமை (Purangkooraamai)
    Not Backbiting
  • குறள்
    புறங்கூறிப் பொய்த்துயிர் வாழ்தலின் சாதல்
    அறங்கூற்றும் ஆக்கத் தரும்.
  • விளக்கம்
    பிறனை காணாதவிடத்து அவனை இகழ்ந்து பேசி, கண்ட போது அவனைப் புகழ்ந்து வாழ்தலைவிட, அவ்வாறு செய்யாது இறப்பது மேலானது.
  • Translation
    in English
    'Tis greater gain of virtuous good for man to die,
    Than live to slander absent friend, and falsely praise when nigh.
  • Meaning
    Death rather than life will confer upon the deceitful backbiter the profit which (the treatises on) virtue point out.


Post a Comment