Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

1077. ஈர்ங்கை விதிரார் கயவர்

1077. Eerngai Vithiraar Kayavar

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    குடியியல் (Kudiyiyal) - Miscellaneous
  • அதிகாரம்
    கயமை (Kayamai)
  • குறள்
    ஈர்ங்கை விதிரார் கயவர் கொடிறுடைக்கும்
    கூன்கையர் அல்லா தவர்க்கு.
  • விளக்கம்
    கீழ்மக்கள் தம் கன்னத்தை அடித்து உடைக்கக் கையைக் ஓங்கியவர்க்கல்லது, தாம் உண்டு கழுவிய கையையும் உதறமாட்டார்.
  • Translation
    in English
    From off their moistened hands no clinging grain they shake,
    Unless to those with clenched fist their jaws who break.
  • Meaning
    The mean will not (even) shake off (what sticks to) their hands (soon after a meal) to any but those who would break their jaws with their clenched fists.


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