Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

1309. நீரும் நிழலது இனிதே

1309. Neerum Nizhalathu Inithe

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    இன்பத்துப்பால் (Inbaththuppaal) - Love
  • இயல்
    கற்பியல் (Karpiyal) - The Post-Marital Love
  • அதிகாரம்
    புலவி (Pulavi)
  • குறள்
    நீரும் நிழலது இனிதே புலவியும்
    வீழுநர் கண்ணே இனிது.
  • விளக்கம்
    நீரும் நிழலினிடத்தில் இருந்தால் குடிக்க இனியதாகும்; அது போல ஊடலும் அன்புடையவரிடத்தில் இனியதாகும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Water is pleasant in the cooling shade;
    So coolness for a time with those we love.
  • Meaning
    Like water in the shade, dislike is delicious only in those who love.


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