Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

1169. கொடியார் கொடுமையின் தாம்கொடிய

1169. Kodiyaar Kodumaiyin Thaamkodiya

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    இன்பத்துப்பால் (Inbaththuppaal) - Love
  • இயல்
    கற்பியல் (Karpiyal) - The Post-Marital Love
  • அதிகாரம்
    படர்மெலிந் திரங்கல் (Padarmelindh Thirangal)
  • குறள்
    கொடியார் கொடுமையின் தாம்கொடிய விந்நாள்
    நெடிய கழியும் இரா.
  • விளக்கம்
    பிரிவைத் தாங்கமுடியாத நாளிலே நீண்டதாகச் செல்கின்ற இரவு, அக்கொடியவர் செய்யும் கொடுமையைவிடப் பெருங் கொடுமையைச் செய்கின்றது.
  • Translation
    in English
    More cruel than the cruelty of him, the cruel one,
    In these sad times are lengthening hours of night I watch alone.
  • Meaning
    The long nights of these days are far more cruel than the heartless one who is torturing me.


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