Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0723. பகையகத்துச் சாவார் எளியர்

0723. Pagaiyagaththuch Chaavaar Eliyar

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அமைச்சியல் (Amaichchiyal) - Ministers of State
  • அதிகாரம்
    அவை அஞ்சாமை (Avai Anjaamai)
    Not to Dread the Council
  • குறள்
    பகையகத்துச் சாவார் எளியர் அரியர்
    அவையகத்து அஞ்சா தவர்.
  • விளக்கம்
    பகைவர் நடுவே அஞ்சாது புகுந்து இறக்க வல்லவர் உலகத்தில் பலராவர்; அவையில் அஞ்சாமல் சென்று சொல்ல வல்லவர் சிலராவர்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Many encountering death in face of foe will hold their ground;
    Who speak undaunted in the council hall are rarely found.
  • Meaning
    Many indeed may (fearlessly) die in the presence of (their) foes; (but) few are those who are fearless in the assembly (of the learned).


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