Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0528. பொதுநோக்கான் வேந்தன் வரிசையா

0528. Pothunokkaan Vendhan Varisaiyaa

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    சுற்றந் தழால் (Sutrand Thazhaal)
    Cherishing One's Kindred
  • குறள்
    பொதுநோக்கான் வேந்தன் வரிசையா நோக்கின்
    அதுநோக்கி வாழ்வார் பலர்.
  • விளக்கம்
    அரசன் எல்லோரையும் ஒரே தன்மையாக நோக்காது, அவரவர் தகுதிக்கேற்ப நோக்குவானாயின், அச்சிறப்பு நோக்கி அவனை விடாது வாழும் சுற்றத்தார் பலராவர்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Where king regards not all alike, but each in his degree,
    'Neath such discerning rule many dwell happily.
  • Meaning
    Many relatives will live near a king, when they observe that he does not look on all alike, but that he looks on each man according to his merit.


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