Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0419. நுணங்கிய கேள்விய ரல்லார்

0419. Nunangiya Kelviya Rallaar

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    கேள்வி (Kelvi)
  • குறள்
    நுணங்கிய கேள்விய ரல்லார் வணங்கிய
    வாயின ராதல் அரிது.
  • விளக்கம்
    நுட்பமாகிய கேள்வியைப் பெறாதவர், வணக்கமான சொல்லைப் பேசும் வாயை உடையவராக முடியாது.
  • Translation
    in English
    'Tis hard for mouth to utter gentle, modest word,
    When ears discourse of lore refined have never heard.
  • Meaning
    It is a rare thing to find modesty, a reverend mouth- with those who have not received choice instruction.


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