Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0383. தூங்காமை கல்வி துணிவுடைமை

0383. Thoongaamai Kalvi Thunivudaimai

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    இறைமாட்சி (Iraimaatchi)
    The Greatness of a King
  • குறள்
    தூங்காமை கல்வி துணிவுடைமை இம்மூன்றும்
    நீங்கா நிலனான் பவர்க்கு.
  • விளக்கம்
    நாட்டை ஆளுகின்ற அரசனுக்கு விரைந்து செய்தல், கல்வியுடைமை, ஆண்மையுடைமை ஆகிய இம்மூன்று குணங்களும் எப்பொழுதும் நீங்காமல் இருக்க வேண்டும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    A sleepless promptitude, knowledge, decision strong:
    These three for aye to rulers of the land belong.
  • Meaning
    These three things, viz., vigilance, learning, and bravery, should never be wanting in the ruler of a country.


Post a Comment